The seahorse is just one of my favourite ocean critters. I have always been fascinated by them. Seahorses fall in the genus”Hippocampus.” In Greek, Hippos means horse and kampos means sea monster.They receive their name, clearly, in the appearance of the horse-like head. There are 54 different species of seahorse and they can be found in the shallows of temperate sea waters. Fossils of seahorses have been found that date back 3 million years!These are a few interesting facts about seahorses! Below are a few other interesting seahorse facts to create you a straight upward seahorse expert!
Seahorses are actually fish
Even though they look nothing like a fish, they are, really, a fish. They live in warm water and breathe through gills. But, unlike other fish, then they still have a prehensile tail and flexible neck.And, they’re just adorable. That is something I can’t say about any other fish I’ve ever seen.
They’re terrible swimmers
How about this for an unlikely seahorse fact? You wouldn’t think a monster that resides in the sea would be a lousy swimmer, but seahorses are.They swim in an upright position and are propelled through the water from their dorsal fin. They are the slowest moving fish in the ocean and swim about 5 ft per hour. And, I believed I was a terrible swimmer!
what do seahorses eat? a lot!
The same as a human teenager, seahorses have a voracious appetite. As they don’t have a stomach or teeth, they still have to eat constantly so they do not starve. So what do seahorses eat? The diet of a seahorse is comprised largely of plankton, small fish, and small crustaceans. They can eat up to 3,000 brine fish per day!
They eat by suction
Seahorses utilize their snouts like little vacuum cleaners, sucking tiny crustaceans and plankton. Their long, thin snout permits them to locate food in tiny crevasses and their snout is flexible. It may expand to allow a larger meal in.
They use their tails like hands
As they are feeble and such poor swimmers, seahorses prefer to grasp a reed, sea purple or grass to hang onto. This keeps them from getting tossed around in stormy waters and helps them hide from predators.
They are monogamous
Seahorses partner for life. To catch the attention of a lady, male seahorses will show off having a wrestling game. Winner receives the woman, naturally. If they mate, they turn their tails around each other and do a small courtship dance that may go on for hours.
Men carry the eggs
This is a strange but true fact about the seahorse! After breeding, the female seahorse deposits the eggs into the male seahorse’s brood pouch, where he fertilizes them. Then he carries the eggs in his pouch for 2 – 4 weeks until they hatch.
Seahorses are born independent
Newborn seahorses, known as fry, are able to fend for themselves. After arrival, they search for the closest item to hang on to. Regrettably, because of predators, fewer than 1 in 1000 baby seahorses grow to adulthood.
They can alter color
Seahorses hide from predators by changing color to blend in to their surroundings. They can do so because they have chromatophores, particular cells in their skin which allow them to change color.
Humans are their biggest threat
Perhaps the saddest seahorse truth of them all: Because seahorses live close to the shore in shallow water, they’re exposed to dangers brought on by humans. Development, pollution, and fishing are the greatest culprits. They’re also caught due to their use in traditional Asian medicine.Their shallow water living makes them simple to grab and keep for pets in aquariums, though wild-caught seahorses do not usually survive long in captivity.If you want this exotic creature as a portion of your home aquarium, you can purchase captive born seahorses. Always stay mindful of your impact on the surroundings and be respectful toward all living creatures.